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Big_Eric

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Senate File 2207 - Introduced

                                       SENATE FILE       
                                       BY  KREIMAN

    Passed Senate, Date               Passed House,  Date            
    Vote:  Ayes        Nays           Vote:  Ayes        Nays         
                 Approved                           

                                      A BILL FOR
  1 An Act relating to grandparent and great=grandparent visitation.
  2 BE IT ENACTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF THE STATE OF IOWA:
  3 TLSB 6296XS 82
  4 pf/nh/5

PAG LIN

  1  1    Section 1.  Section 600C.1, Code Supplement 2007, is
  1  2 amended to read as follows:
  1  3    600C.1  GRANDPARENT AND GREAT=GRANDPARENT VISITATION.
  1  4    1.  The grandparent or great=grandparent of a minor child
  1  5 may petition the court for grandchild or great=grandchild
  1  6 visitation.
  1  7    2.  The court shall consider a fit parent's objections to
  1  8 granting visitation under this section.  A rebuttable
  1  9 presumption arises that a fit parent's decision to deny
  1 10 visitation to a grandparent or great=grandparent is in the
  1 11 best interest of a minor child.
  1 12    3.  2.  The court may grant visitation to the grandparent
  1 13 or great=grandparent if the court finds all of the following
  1 14 by clear and convincing evidence:
  1 15    a.  The grandparent or great=grandparent has established a
  1 16 substantial relationship with the child prior to the filing of
  1 17 the petition.
  1 18    b.  The parent who is being asked to temporarily relinquish
  1 19 care, custody, and control of the child to provide visitation
  1 20 is unfit to make the decision regarding visitation.
  1 21    c.  It that it is in the best interest of the child to
  1 22 grant such visitation.
  1 23    4.  3.  For the purposes of this section, "court" means the
  1 24 district court or the juvenile court if that court currently
  1 25 has jurisdiction over the child in a pending action.  If an
  1 26 action is not pending, the district court has jurisdiction.
  1 27    5.  4.  Notwithstanding any provision of this chapter to
  1 28 the contrary, venue for any action to establish, enforce, or
  1 29 modify visitation under this section shall be in the county
  1 30 where either parent resides if no final custody order
  1 31 determination relating to the grandchild or great=grandchild
  1 32 has been entered by any other court.  If a final custody order
  1 33 has been entered by any other court, venue shall be located
  1 34 exclusively in the county where the most recent final custody
  1 35 order was entered.  If any other custodial proceeding is
  2  1 pending when an action to establish, enforce, or modify
  2  2 visitation under this section is filed, venue shall be located
  2  3 exclusively in the county where the pending custodial
  2  4 proceeding was filed.
  2  5    6.  5.  Notice of any proceeding to establish, enforce, or
  2  6 modify visitation under this section shall be personally
  2  7 served upon all parents of a child whose interests are
  2  8 affected by a proceeding brought pursuant to this section and
  2  9 all grandparents or great=grandparents who have previously
  2 10 obtained a final order or commenced a proceeding under this
  2 11 section.
  2 12    7.  6.  The court shall not enter any temporary order to
  2 13 establish, enforce, or modify visitation under this section.
  2 14    8.  7.  An action brought under this section is subject to
  2 15 chapter 598B, and in an action brought to establish, enforce,
  2 16 or modify visitation under this section, each party shall
  2 17 submit in its first pleading or in an attached affidavit all
  2 18 information required by section 598B.209.
  2 19    9.  8.  In any action brought to establish, enforce, or
  2 20 modify visitation under this section, the court may award
  2 21 attorney fees to the prevailing party in an amount deemed
  2 22 reasonable by the court.
  2 23    10.  9.  If a proceeding to establish or enforce visitation
  2 24 under this section is commenced when a dissolution of marriage
  2 25 proceeding is pending concerning the parents of the affected
  2 26 minor child, the record and evidence of the dissolution action
  2 27 shall remain impounded pursuant to section 598.26.  The
  2 28 impounded information shall not be released or otherwise made
  2 29 available to any person who is not the petitioner or
  2 30 respondent or an attorney of record in the dissolution of
  2 31 marriage proceeding.  Access to the impounded information by
  2 32 the attorney of record for the grandparent or
  2 33 great=grandparent shall be limited to only that information
  2 34 relevant to the grandparent's or great=grandparent's request
  2 35 for visitation.
  3  1                           EXPLANATION
  3  2    This bill relates to grandparent and great=grandparent
  3  3 visitation.  The bill eliminates the requirement that the
  3  4 court find by clear and convincing evidence that the
  3  5 grandparent or great=grandparent has established a substantial
  3  6 relationship with the child prior to the filing of the
  3  7 petition and that the parent who is being asked to temporarily
  3  8 relinquish care, custody, and control of the child to provide
  3  9 visitation is unfit to make the decision regarding visitation,
  3 10 and only retains the requirement that the court finds by clear
  3 11 and convincing evidence that it is in the best interest of the
  3 12 child to grant visitation in order to grant the petition.
  3 13 LSB 6296XS 82
  3 14 pf/nh/5


__________________
Eric E. Durnan
Wadena, Iowa

I don't see the glass as being half full or half empty. I see the glass as being twice as large as it needs to be.
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